Core members

Professor Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis

Director of 3DMBC

Konstantinos (Kostas) Daniel Tsavdaridis is Professor of Structural Engineering in the School of Science & Technology (SST) at City, University of London and the Director of 3DMBC. He holds an MEng and a PhD from City, University of London and an MSc (DIC) from Imperial College London. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers (FICE), a Chartered Civil Engineer in the UK (CEng) and Europe-FEANI (EUR ING), a Chartered Structural Engineer and Member of The Institution of Structural Engineers (MIStructE), The European Council of Civil Engineers, and an Associate Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (MASCE). His research expertise is in structural product development that embraces resilience and sustainability. Particularly the development of innovative seismic-resistant design of connections, through testing large and full-scale structural systems and using advanced modelling techniques. He has published over 200 scientific articles, technical reports and international conference papers.

Professor Tsavdaridis also worked as a Principle Structural Stress Specialist engineer for Pell Frischmann in London, on developing sophisticated high fidelity computational models for optimising the design of an EPR Nuclear Plant Station developed by AREVA_SIEMENS.  He is an active member of several standardisation committees: BSI (B/525/9) Structural use of Aluminium, BSI (B/525/8) Structures in Seismic Regions, fib (CEB-FIP, COM7-TG:7.6) Resilient Structures, IStructE – Sustainability Panel, IASS (WG:8) Metal Spatial Structures, and a member of several international scientific committees such as the European Convention for Constructional Steelwork, the International Federation for Structural Concrete,  the International Association for Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE), the Hellenic Steel Structures Research Society (EEME), the Hellenic Association for Earthquake Engineering (ETAM), and the Hellenic Institute for the Fire Protection of Structures (ELIPYKA). In 2019, he was awarded with the prestigious Leverhulme Trust Senior Fellowship from the Royal Academy of Engineering for his work in steel modular construction, followed up by a Royal Society Award in 2021 for further expanding on this front and collaborating closely with policy makers to introduce regulation and assist parliamentarians in realising the transformation of the construction sector. 

Dan-Adrian Corfar

PhD Candidate

Dan-Adrian Corfar is in the last year of his PhD in Structural Engineering at City, University of London under the supervision of Professor Tsavdaridis. His main research interests are in large-scale structural testing, design of steel and composite structures, and earthquake resistant design. His PhD topic focuses on the development of a hybrid inter-module connection to improve the seismic resilience of steel modular buildings.

Dr Zhengyao Li


Zhengyao Li graduated with a PhD from University of Leeds (UK) under the supervision of Professor Tsavdaridis. She is also part of the KDT and Materials and Structures research groups. Prior to this, she studied Engineering Mechanics (BSc) at the Zhengzhou University (China) and Innovative Structural Materials (MSc) at the University of Bath (UK).

Meysam Bayat

PhD Candidate

Meysam Bayat is a PhD student in the School of Science & Technology (SST) at City, University of London. Under the supervision of Professor KD Tsavdaridis, his research focuses on steel connections and perforated beams. Before this, he joined Jarf Ideh Zaman Civil Engineering Company, and his primary responsibility was the design of reinforced concrete and steel structures and execute them.

George Psyrras

PhD Candidate

George Psyrras is a PhD candidate in the Department of Engineering at City, University of London under the supervision of Professor KD Tsavdaridis. He holds a Diploma (M.Eng.) in Civil Engineering from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh), Greece. His research interests lie in the fields of seismic design of steel and composite structures, design automation and model optimization of structural finite element models, software development, and artificial intelligence applications on structural engineering towards developing more sophisticated and robust solutions.

Kimia Saffarzadeh

PhD Candidate

Kimia Saffarzadeh is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Engineering at City, University of London. She holds a bachelor’s in Civil Engineering and an MSc in Structural Engineering from the Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. Her expertise includes developing seismic loading patterns to perform quasi-static tests using the MATLAB programming language. She is also specialising on linear and non-linear structural analysis using OpenSees, Abaqus, and Ansys.

Fahad Almutairi

Dr Fahad Almutairi


Fahad Almutairi graduated with a PhD from University of Leeds (UK) under the main supervision of Professor Tsavdaridis. He is also part of the KDT and 3DMBC research groups. His research project focuses on seismic steel-concrete bolted reduced web section (RWS) connections.

Ahmed Alali

PhD Candidate

Ahmed Alali is a PhD candidate in the School of Civil Engineering at the University of Leeds (UK) under the supervision of Professor Tsavdaridis. He is also part of the KDT research group. His research project focuses on studying the flexural behaviour and sustainability of the recently developed Prefabricated Ultra-Shallow Steel-Concrete Composite Slabs (PUSS). PUSS is aimed for use in steel frames with large spans as well as for modular building systems.

Dr Zhaolan Wei

Visiting Scholar at the 3DMBC research group

Prof. Zhaolan Wei is a visiting scholar from Sichuan Agricultural University, China, receiving a The China Scholarship Council (CSC) Scholarship to join 3DMBC for a year. Her current research focuses on Calculation and Analysis of Bridge Engineering Structure, Construction Monitoring, Structural Health Monitoring, and Structural Vibration.

Dhruvi Wadhwana

Master's student

Dhruvi Wadhwana is a Master’s student in Structural Engineering at Politecnico di Milano, Italy and member of the 3DMBC research group. With a background in Structural Engineering, she aims to bridge the gap between innovative research and practical applications. Her interests lie primarily in combining technical expertise with strategic insights to drive innovative solutions in the AEC industry.

Affiliate members

Professor Mark Lawson

SCI Consultant

Prof Lawson is consultant to the Steel Construction Institute and formerly Professor of Construction Systems at the University of Surrey, UK. He is author of many publications on steel, composite and lightweight construction including ‘Design in Modular Construction’ CRC Press’ –

Dr Andrés Alonso Rodriguez


Dr Andrés Alonso Rodriguez is a Lecturer in Structural Engineering at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, of La Gran Colombia University in Bogotá, Colombia. He holds a diploma in Civil Engineering from the Pontifical Xaverian University of Bogotá, Colombia, graduating as the best of his cohort. His main interest is exploring ways to make infrastructure more resilient and sustainable through the development of early warning systems and novel modular and prefabricated solutions that allow for quick reconstruction in the aftermath of natural catastrophes.

Dr Gaochuang Cai

Associate professor

Dr Cai is Associate Professor and Principal Investigator (PI) at Kumamoto University (Japan) and IROAST. Since 2006, Dr Cai has participated in many projects at national and international levels as either PI or co-PI or collaborator. His research activities ranged from structural design, evaluation, and optimization, building materials, and construction sustainability, all of which are expected to contribute to the sustainable development GOALS adopted by the United Nations.

Dr Afshin Moslehi Tabar

Assistant Professor

Dr Afshin Moslehi Tabar received his B.Sc. in Civil Engineering from Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic) in 1997. Then after, he got his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Structural Engineering from the same university in 1999 and 2006, respectively. His research interests consist of seismic rehabilitation and structural dynamic and stability analysis. Moreover, he is proficient in the formulation of nonlinear numerical structural analyses using both civil-engineering practice tools and high-fidelity finite element model implementations like CSi solutions, ABAQUS and ANSYS. He has worked on the modelling and implementation of different steel connections like RBS and RWS.

Dr Bahareh Maleki


Bahareh Maleki has graduated with a PhD at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) under the supervision of Dr Albert De La Fuente Antequera and Dr Maria del Mar Casanovas Rubio. The main focus of her thesis has been about tall buildings in Dubai, UAE as well as high-rise prefabricated residential buildings in London. Following field studies and detailed examination of the two buildings in London, the results of the sustainability of these buildings are similar to the numerical standard of BREEAM.

Kashan Khan

PhD Candidate

Mr. Kashan Khan is a full-time Ph.D. student at Tianjin University, the first contemporary science and technology university in China. He is supervised by Professor Zhihua Chen (Vice President) and Professor Tsavdaridis (External supervisor). In addition, he is a member of the research teams of Professor Chen’s Tianjin Steel Structure Association and Professor KDT’s 3DMBC (3D Modular Building Connections). Before this, he earned a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (Pakistan) and a Master of Science in Structural Engineering from Tianjin University (China).

Amirhossein Emamikoupaei

PhD Candidate

Amirhossein Emamikoupaei is a PhD candidate at Oklahoma State University (USA). He holds a bachelor’s in Civil Engineering and a master’s in Civil-Earthquake Engineering at the Shahid Beheshti University, Iran. His research interests include developing Finite Element modelling in Python, seismic vulnerability assessment, development of incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) and appropriate probabilistic seismic demand model (PSDMs) for performance-based methods, and earthquake duration.

Ali Bigdeli

PhD Candidate

Ali Bigdeli is a PhD candidate at Deakin University (Australia). Prior to this, he studied Hydraulic Structures Engineering (MSc) at Tarbiat Modares University (Iran), obtaining his degree in 2020. His current research interests and expertise include the structural and seismic response of modular steel buildings under the supervision of Professor Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis, structural health monitoring, and performance-based design.


Dr Agathoklis Giaralis (Khalifa University, UAE)

Dr Zixiao Wang​ (University of Bristol, UK)

Dr Honeyeh Ramezansefat​ (Northumbria University, UK)

Collaborating Researchers


Professor Leroy Gardner (Imperial College London, UK)

Professor Zhihua Chen (Tianjin University, China)

Professor Carmine Maletta (Università della Calabria, Italy)

Dr Ray KL Su (Hong Kong Technical University, China)

Dr Tim McGinley (DTU, Denmark)

Dr Keerthan Poologanathan (Northumbria University, UK)

Dr Evangelos Efthymiou (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece)

Dr Sathees Nava (RMIT University, Australia)

Dr Gatheeshgar Perampalam (Teesside University, UK)


Dr Eleftherios Aggelopoulos (Steel Construction Institute)

Dr Jing G. Cai (Jacobs)

Shay Eddy (SC4)

Herman Ferreira (Expanded | Laing O'Rourke)

Marco Pagliarin (Hilti)

Brian J. McCarthy (TechniTex)

David Tapley (3D-Alchemy)

Bruce McLelland (Knowledge Transfer Network, KTN)

Dr Hamid Ahmadi (Rubber Consultants | Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre)

Dr Asselia Katenbayeva (Alliance for Sustainable Building Products)